Tsunami caused long-term ecosystem change in the Caribbean

A detailed analysis of sediments from the island of Bonaire in the Caribbean presents convincing evidence for an extraordinary wave impact dating back some 3,300 years, even though no historical records of tsunamis exist for this island. Of particular interest are the consequences this large wave impact had on the island’s ecosystem. The sediments studied by the scientists suggested that this tsunami entirely changed the coastal ecosystem and sedimentation patterns in the area. The work by Dr. Max Engel and colleagues, from the University of Köln in Germany, is published online in Springer’s journal, Naturwissenschaften – The Science of Nature.

The Caribbean region is highly vulnerable to coastal hazards, including tropical cyclones, earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis. Even though the island of Bonaire has not experienced a tsunami during the past 500 years, which is the period of historical documentation, overwash deposits from a coastal lagoon provide evidence for at least one such event in prehistory.

Engel and colleagues investigated sediment cores from Washington-Slagbaai National Park. They looked specifically at grain size distribution, carbonate content, organic matter, magnetic susceptibility and fauna. Their analyses showed that the sediments had criteria typically linked with tsunami deposits, consistent with a tsunami with a maximum age of 3,300 years.

The authors conclude: “This single catastrophic event is of long-term ecological significance. Formation of a barrier of coral rubble was triggered by the tsunami separating a former inland bay from the open sea and turning it into a highly saline lagoon which persists until today. Further studies of the geology of tsunamis, using well-dated deposits, are required over the entire Caribbean to reconstruct reliable patterns of magnitude, frequency and spatial occurrence of tsunami events and their environmental impact.”

One thought on “Tsunami caused long-term ecosystem change in the Caribbean”

  1. The Cayman Trench was the site of a ‘blow out’ from the Moho or deeper. Gases had collected and ignited. This energy split the sea floor riving the Yuccan Penninsula, driving Cuba forward, leaving the abyss we know as the Cayman Trench.
    As it was a one-time event, science has failed to recognize it.
    The civilization existing there was driven to the interior, forming new beginnings on land unsuitable for it. This led to the split and two new beginnings: the central Mexican plateau and the high Andean starts.
    And to the reoccupation of the Penninsula by the now-Maya. This collapse of centralized authority led to the diminishment of the farming of the Amazon where the famous negra prieta was produced in quantities science says took 300 years to build.

    This gas blow out was accompanied by radon and other radioactive gases.

    How was the gas blow out caused? By heated gases now known to collect under the lithosphere in the MOHO.

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